3,500 Year Old Watermelons

The Old World is a reference to those parts of Earth known to Europeans before the voyages of Christopher Columbus; it includes Europe, Asia and Africa.

Moderators: Minimalist, MichelleH

3,500 Year Old Watermelons

Postby Minimalist » Mon Jun 10, 2019 10:26 pm

https://ancientfoods.wordpress.com/2019 ... atermelon/

DNA from mummy’s tomb reviews ancient Egyptian origins of watermelon


The ancient DNA was then sequenced by Renner’s colleague Guillaume Chomicki, now at the University of Oxford. The team were only able to get a partial genome sequence, but it includes two crucial genes that reveal what these melons were like. “We were so lucky,” says Renner.

One of these genes controls the production of the bitter cucurbitacins. In the 3500-year-old melon, there was a mutation that disabled this gene, meaning it had sweet flesh just like modern varieties.

The other gene codes for an enzyme that converts the red pigment lycopene – the same pigment that makes tomatoes red – into another substance. This gene was also disabled by a mutation, meaning lycopene accumulates and the fruit would have red flesh.

What the team can’t tell from the partial sequence is how large the melons were and whether they had an elongated shape or round shape. But one of the ancient Egyptian pictures shows what appears to be an elongated melon, so it seems farmers had bred watermelons with most if not all of the key features at least 3500 years ago.


Thanks, guys, watermelon is just great!
Something is wrong here. War, disease, death, destruction, hunger, filth, poverty, torture, crime, corruption, and the Ice Capades. Something is definitely wrong. This is not good work. If this is the best God can do, I am not impressed.

-- George Carlin
Minimalist
 
Posts: 15657
Joined: Mon Sep 26, 2005 1:09 pm
Location: Arizona

Re: 3,500 Year Old Watermelons

Postby kbs2244 » Tue Jun 11, 2019 2:47 pm

I just had some round watermelon last night.
It was a little larger than a basket ball.
Taste and color were the same.
kbs2244
 
Posts: 2467
Joined: Wed Jul 12, 2006 12:47 pm

Re: 3,500 Year Old Watermelons

Postby circumspice » Thu Jun 13, 2019 8:27 am

Ihad been reading up on the origins of various edibles & found some interesting info on watermelons... Apparently, most watermelons were white fleshed, compartmented & quite seedy originally. Picture a medium size melon with 'pockets' of edible flesh embedded in a thick rind. There are late medieval still life paintings showing various fruits & vegetables, one of which shows a cut watermelon exhibiting those characteristics. Early modern plant breeding brought the watermelon to the appearance that we are now accustomed to expect.
"Damn with faint praise, assent with civil leer, and, without sneering, teach the rest to sneer." ~ Alexander Pope
User avatar
circumspice
 
Posts: 910
Joined: Sat Dec 19, 2009 7:10 pm

Re: 3,500 Year Old Watermelons

Postby kbs2244 » Thu Jun 13, 2019 2:40 pm

Before the modern seedless kind they had black and white seeds throughout the pink interior.

This kind of melon was used by my grandmother to teach school integration.

A green lawn surrounding a white school house with a warm pink inside that had a mix of white
and black students in it.
kbs2244
 
Posts: 2467
Joined: Wed Jul 12, 2006 12:47 pm


Return to Old World

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 2 guests