Africa, Canaan, and South America

The study of religious or heroic legends and tales. One constant rule of mythology is that whatever happens amongst the gods or other mythical beings was in one sense or another a reflection of events on earth. Recorded myths and legends, perhaps preserved in literature or folklore, have an immediate interest to archaeology in trying to unravel the nature and meaning of ancient events and traditions.

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Post by santyago61 » Mon Nov 03, 2008 3:14 pm

You are most likely right. Hard to say with only minimal archaeological evidence of the migration. The Athabaskan languages of Alaska & Canada (including the Navajo language) have been connected to Paleosiberian:

But it doesn't get us to the Inca language...

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Post by santyago61 » Mon Nov 03, 2008 3:26 pm

I stand corrected -- new research says "mama" and "dada" are in the brain not the mouth. Though "m" and "d" are among the first consonants that a baby utters.

New brain research:

A baby's first words are often "mama" and "dada," much to the delight of parents. Now scientists think they know why.

Beyond the obvious — Mommy and Daddy are around a lot and babies are drawn to them — languages in many cultures have apparently made the task easy by creating words for mothers and fathers that feature patterns of repeating sounds, a new study suggests.

To arrive at this finding, brain scans were made of 22 newborns (age 2 days to 3 days) while they listened to recordings of made-up words. They heard words that end in repeating syllables, such as "mubaba" and "penana," as well as words without them, such as "mubage" and "penaku."

Brain activity increased in the babies' temporal and left frontal areas whenever the repetitious words were played. Words with non-adjacent repetitions ("bamuba" or "napena") elicited no distinctive responses from the brain.

This suggests "mama" and "dada" (or "papa") are well-chosen words to teach a baby, and it also indicates that the ability to more easily recognize these sorts of repetitive sounds is hard-wired in the human brain.

The research, led by University of British Columbia post-doctoral fellow Judit Gervain, was published online this week in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

"It's probably no coincidence that many languages around the world have repetitious syllables in their 'child words,'" Gervain said, citing "papa" in Italian and "tata" (grandpa) in Hungarian as examples.

"The language center of most right-handed adults is located on the left side of the brain," Gervain said. "This is consistent with our finding with newborn babies and supports our belief humans are born with abilities that allow us to perceive and learn our mother tongue systematically and efficiently."

"The brain areas that are responsible for language in an adult do not 'learn' how to process language during development, but rather, they are specialized — at least in part — to process language from the start."

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Post by Ishtar » Tue Nov 04, 2008 2:39 am

Sooooo.... it's more that we're hard-wired for repetitious sounds, rather than specific syllables. That's interesting. Thanks. But even our hard wiring was, at one time, soft ... and open to influences.

I'm not at all familiar with Philip Ochieng. I hadn't heard of him until KB posted that extract from his work. And I also found a hole in it, too, where he tried to make the connection with the Indian 'guru' meaning teacher, which is only what it has come to mean relatively recently, and is not the original meaning of the word.

But one thing I've learned is that no matter how crazy someone's work may appear, even Daniken, there's often a nugget or so of gold in what they say. Their research can be good. It's just that maybe they're interpreting the results of it through a different lens to the one that I'm using. (We have to face it, we all see through a glass darkly.)

Another person who gets a bad press is Graham Hancock - but again, he can come up with some good stuff, if you can be bothered to unravel it out from his agenda.

So I always try not to throw the baby out with the bath water.

Or should I say 'the baba'!


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